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The ECOPOL Project identified over 200 eco-innovation policy practices and tools in the project’s core fields of green public procurement, waste (resource efficiency) and internationalisation of SMEs. The practices are shortly described and further information is given.

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 Name of PolicyCountryInstitutionDescriptionDateLink 
1 Regulation of procurement by federal administration for wooden products (Beschaffungsregelung des Bundes für Holzprodukte, VOB/A und VOL/A) Germany German Government Procurement of certified wooden products is mandatory for Federal administration 17 January 2011 (in replacement of regulation from 17 January 2007)

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2 Act for Promoting Closed Substance Cycle Waste Management and Ensuring Environmentally Compatible Waste Disposal (Kreislaufwirtschaftsgesetz) Germany German Government Combined with improving treatment techniques and by increases in the separate collection and use of recyclable materials stemming from municipal waste and waste wood, Substantial reduction of greenhouse gas emissions 27 September 1994, last modification: 2012 Link
3 VIGO Finland Tekes The backbone of the programme is formed by the Vigo Accelerators, carefully selected independent companies run by internationally proven entrepreneurs and executives. These Accelerators help the best and the brightest start-ups to grow faster, smarter, and safer into the global market. The Accelerators are not consultants. They are co-entrepreneurs who invest in the companies they work with to guarantee common goals and passionate development effort. Since 2009

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4 12th Five Year Plan China Chinese Government Radical shift from quantity of growth to quality of development:Low carbon and clean energy based at the heart of China’s strategy for growth, exports and industrial modernisationIncrease public innovation spending to 2-2.5% of GDP• Save between 0.5-2.5% Gt of CO2 Emissions in 2020 (EU: 0.5Gt = 20% target 2020; 30% 1.1Gt)Large public investments in RE and infrastructureRenewable energy installed capacity to increase by64% to 427GW by 2015 (EU 322GW by 2015)Invest in grid infrastructure 500 billion Yuan (57 billion EUR) ultra high voltage transmission lines and 4 trillion Yuan (460 billion EUR) in “smart grids”Launch pilots in emission trading and “low carbon zones” in 8 cities and 5 provinces = 300 million people 2011-2015 Link
5 National Strategy of GPP Portugal eSPap - Entidade de Serviços Partilhados da Administração Pública / Entity of Shared Services of Public Administration The priority established at government level in 2008, to sustainable development with the inclusion of environmental criteria in the framework agreements prepared by the National Procurement Agency, EPE (ANCP), embodied in the National Strategy for the GPP. Priority was placed on combating climate change, opening thus the way to make the activity of the state increasingly neutral on emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions and to promote improved employment practices and acquisition of goods and services with respect for environmental values. This strategy is an important guiding tool for the integration of environmental criteria in procurement process administered by the eSPap 2008-2010

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6 Ordinance on the Avoidance and Recovery of Packaging Wastes Germany German Government Setting up of the "Dual Disposal System” (Performed by Duales System Deutschland GmbH, DSD), which operates alongside the existing public waste disposal arrangements: collection of waste packaging directly from private households, the sorting of this waste into material groups, and the recycling of these materials. 21 August 1998 Link
7 Top runner programme Japan Japanese Parliament • Stimulate energy efficiency in household and office appliances, vehicles; 1998 Link
8 Energy Efficiency Agreement Scheme Finland Ministry on Employment and the Economy The Local Authorities part of the Scheme are committed to include the guidelines of Energy Efficiency in Awarding Public Contracts of Ministry into its’ procurement guidelines. Energy efficiency agreements are voluntary framework agreements between branch associations, enterprises and communities on the one hand and the government on the other.-Branch associations undertake to promote energy efficiency and participation in the agreement scheme among their memberships.-Companies and communities undertake to carry out energy audits or analyses in their premises and production plants, draw up an energy efficiency plan, and implement cost-effective saving measures. They report annually to their branch associations, providing information on energy usage and measures to improve energy efficiency.-The government provides subsidies for energy audits and analyses and under certain conditions energy-saving investments. Since 1997 Link
9 Act on the disposal of end-of-life vehicles / End-of-Life Vehicles Act Germany German Government The End-of-Life Vehicle Act requires a re-use/recovery rate of 85 percent and a recycling rate (re-use/ recycling) of 80 percent of the average vehicle net weight. These rates apply to the total amount of end-of-life vehicles. For 2015 these targets have been raised to 95 percent (recovery) and 85 percent (recycling). 21 June 2002 Link
10 German Renewable Energy Act, successor of Electricity Feed Act (Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz / Stromeinspeisungsgesetz) Germany German Government This act was designed to encourage cost reductions based on improved energy efficiency from economies of scale over time. The Act was the initial spark of a tremendous boost of renewable energies in Germany. 1991 (updated 2000, 2004, 2009) Link
11 Swedish Public Procurement Act (LOU) Sweden Swedish Government The Municipality of Växjö analysed its goods distribution services and found that each week 1900 consignments were carried by 73 distribution companies. Växjö negotiated a new agreement with just one distributor, halving the number of delivery trips and reducing environmental impact at lower cost 1992, 2007
12 Batteries Act: Act revising the law of waste-related product responsibility for batteries and accumulators (Batteriegesetz) Germany German Government The Batteries Act specifies binding collection targets for waste portable batteries, and it extends the restrictions on the use of mercury to a ban on placing portable batteries containing cadmium on the market. A notification register has been set up at the Federal Environment Agency (UBA), where manufacturers and importers of batteries and accumulators must provide notice of their market participation. 1 December 2009 Link
13 Green Funds Scheme Netherland Four ministries (Housing, Spatial Planning & Environment – VROM, Finance - FIN, Agriculture, Nature & Food Quality – LNV, Transport, Public Works and Water Management – VenW), The Following the Dutch model of consensus decision-making, the various stakeholders work together to improve the living environment by funding innovative environmental technologies and investing in nature and the environment. The key element in this model is the Green Funds Scheme, a tax incentive scheme enabling individual investors to put money into green projects that benefit nature and the environment. Individuals who invest in a green fund or save money with financial institutions practicing ‘green banking’ receive a lower rate than the market interest rate, however this is compensated by a tax incentive. In return, the banks charge green projects a lower interest rate. Link Link 2
14 Växjö procurement policy on goods distribution services Sweden Municipality of Växjö The Municipality of Växjö analysed its goods distribution services and found that each week 1900 consignments were carried by 73 distribution companies. Växjö negotiated a new agreement with just one distributor, halving the number of delivery trips and reducing environmental impact at lower cost 2006 Link
15 Decree-Law 46/2008 the use of construction and demolition waste (CDW) Portugal APA Establishing minimum requirements for use of recycled aggregates and recycled asphalt from construction, rehabilitation and demolition waste of buildings or other structures. June 2008 Link
16 Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer United Nations UNEP The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer was designed to reduce the production and consumption of ozone depleting substances in order to reduce their abundance in the atmosphere, and thereby protect the earth’s fragile ozone Layer. The original Montreal Protocol was agreed on 16 September 1987 and entered into force on 1 January 1989.The enforcement led to the development of substitutes for the CFC and halons. Recent studies have shown the positive effects - the ozone layer is already starting to recover. On the 1st October 2000, the new EU Regulation No. 2037/2000 on substances that deplete the ozone layer came into effect. This led to a tightening of the old EU Regulation No 3093/1994 concerning the production, marketing and use of ozone-depleting substances within the Community, as well as their export to third countries 1st January 1989 Link Link
17 VGR (Västra Götalandsregionen) procurement policy Sweden County Council of VGR VGR has initiated a GPP scheme for all sectors, specifically medical instruments, property management and care. 2009 Link
18 Act on promoting the use of biofuel in traffic Finland Finnish Government The aim of this act is to promote the use of the biofuel to substitute the petrol and diesel in traffic. The distributors are obligated to supply biofuel for consumption. The biofuel distribution obligation will increase from the current four to six percent for 2011-2014, followed by a phased increase to 20 percent by 2020. 2010 Link
19 Solar thermal obligation in the Styrian Building Act Austria Provincial Govt. Of Styria Mandatory use of thermal solar systems or other alternative energy systems for water heating in new residential buildings, where this is economically appropriate and not contrary to the interests of road, place and landscape. Before 2010 the obligation was linked to the subsidized housing program. 2010 Link Link
20 Implementation of GPP national action plan at FPA Austria Federal Procurement Agency (FPA) The Federal Government founded Bundesbeschaffung GmbH (FPA) to provide central procurement services to federal agencies, in particular to negotiate framework contracts and make them available to the agencies. The FPA provides an on-line store in which public entities can purchase a variety of products across many product classes. In autumn 2010 the national GPP action plan criteria have been introduced to the FPA. Products on the e-store are explicitly marked as being GPP approved. The GPP criteria will apply to new tenders. 2010 Link
21 First Finnish National Waste Plan – Source separation Finland Finnish Government The handling and sorting of municipal waste is regulated by Finnish law to protect the environment and public health. Households and industries in Finland are required to source separate paper, packaging, and biodegradable wastes from refuse. Waste utilization in Finland is based on source separation. Waste collection spaces are regulated nationally and locally. Since 2009 Link
22 ÖkoKaufWien Austria Viennese Municipality MA22/ Dept. for En “ÖkoKaufWien” is a leading programme of the Vienna Climate Protection Programme “KliPWien” and organised across all departments of the Vienna City Administration. Approximately 200 employees both inside and outside of the Vienna City Administration participate in the programme. A central management tool for this is the eco-criteria list created by “ÖkoKaufWien”. It lists the requirements which are to be placed upon products and services — in terms of environmental friendliness, usability, efficiency, quality and occupational safety. By executive decree, this criteria list is binding for all departments of the Vienna City Administration. 1998 Link
23 Styrian Waste Management Act 1990 (StAWG) / Biogenous waste treatment. Biogas Plant Monitoring Austria Provincial Govt. Of Styria, Dept. For Waste and Material Flow Management As at January 2010, 44 biogas plants with a total processing capacity summing up to 500,000 t/year were operated in Styria. In about half of all biogas plants energy crops and farm-produced fertilizer are treated, whereas agricultural residues and other commercial biogenic waste are treated in the remaining plants. In order to ensure that plant efficiency and therefore yield are maximized, a survey has been conducted to introduce an anonymous benchmark system that compares plant parameters. A specific area of interest is how substrate quality (and hence biogenic waste material flow) affects the efficiency of the Anaerobic-Digestion Plant. (Act: 1993), 2007 – 2008 Link
24 Integrated Energy and Climate Programme (IEKP, measure 24 – Procurement of energy-efficient products and services) Germany German Government The German Integrated Energy and Climate Programme aims to set a global example in the fields of energy and climate policy and is suited to the needs and capabilities of a modern national economy. The programme is based on the conviction that (a) energy must be used with much greater efficiency than is currently the case and (b) a much higher priority must be placed on the use of low-carbon energy. The adopted measures aim to prove that climate protection is both affordable and compatible with economic growth. For this reason, the German government is pursuing policies that deliver favourable results in keeping CO2 emissions low, but that are also as cost-effective as possible. Our aim is to achieve positive environmental outcomes without having a negative impact on consumers and the competitiveness of German business. 5 December 2007 Link
25 Separate Collection of Cooking oil residues Austria Provincial Govt. Of Styria, Dept. For Waste and Material Flow Management FATTY initiative was launched in the region of Styria to collect and recycle waste cooking oils. These are collected in separate buckets, both for households and businesses, and then processed to produce biodiesel. The fuel was first used by the region’s bus service, but now sells more widely. The glycerol produced as a by-product is used in biogas plants, or is purified and sold as a raw material to the chemical, pharmaceutical or cosmetic industries. Since 1995

Link; Link

26 General administrative regulation on procurement of energy-efficient products and services Germany German Government As a consequence of R3DE2, a legal frame for procurement of energy-efficient products and services has been set. 17 January 2008 Link
27 SSED Greece Hellenic Recovery Recycling Corporation (HE.R.R.Co S.A.) Objectives: Collection and management of packaging wastesFunding: Self-funding instrumentBeneficiaries: Municipalities and industrial and commercial enterprisesResults: 1.680 enterprises participate in the programme and 432.000 ton/yr packaging wastes have been recycled 2004-2010 Link
28 Enactment between the State secretaries of six Federal Ministries for more innovation orientation in public procurement Germany German Government The participating Federal ministries will take in account the life cycle cost in order to identify the best economic offer for procurement. 16 October 2007 Link2007 Link2009
29 AFIS Greece AFIS S.A. Objectives: Collection and recycling of used batteriesFunding: Self-funding by battery manufacturing companiesBeneficiaries: Municipalities, commercial enterprises, schoolsResults: 52.000 recycling bins, 712 ton of batteries collected in 2010 2004-2010 Link
30 Modification of the Act on public procurement Germany German Government This modification introduces energy efficiency as a quantified criterium for public procurement. 16 August 2011 Link
31 Waste Minimisation Act New Zealand Government of New Zealand Provisions for waste levy and stewardship program to collect and recycle products instead of landfill; 2008 Link
32 Reform of the Public Procurement Law (GWB, VOL, VOF) Germany German Federal Ministry of Justice Pursuant to the new version of GWB § 97, paragraph 4, sentence 2 (Law against Restriction of Competition) ecological aspects can be taken into account within the public procurement procedure provided that there is a factual link to the order-object. 2009 Link1 Link2 Link3
33 Waste Prevention & Management Plan Belgium Region of Flanders • Aims to reduce the amount of household residual waste per inhabitant per year to 150kg Active since 1981, codified legislation since 1994 Link
34 Procurement regulation Germany City of Bremen The City of Bremen has made GPP (ecological and fair) mandatory for the administration incl. for electricity supply. Since 2009 Link Link2
35 Legal framework for the separate collection of waste Austria Provincial Govt. Of Styria, Dept. For Waste and Material Flow Management The early introduction of the separate collection of waste brought about an innovative niche industry in Styria. Through this mandatory separate collection technical solutions had to be found in order to increase efficiency when separating wastes. Similarly as the example FATTY demonstrates - separate collection of used cooking oil lead to the development of biodiesel production process derived from waste cooking oils. Separate collection of organic waste lead to the development of composting and biogas technology (i.e. Komptech, enbasys and SATTLER biogas storage systems). Glass plastic , metal waste sorting technology companies like binder+co , REDWAVE and BT-BINDER WOLFGANG emerged Since 1990 No link
36 Act on the Promotion of the Purchase of Environment-friendly Products South Korea Korean Government, Seoul The Act aims to encourage the purchasing of environment-friendly products and services by means of mandating public agencies to buy environment-friendly products and services and supporting industry and household-level green consumption. In addition, KOECO organises the Green-Purchasing Convention. Achievements: around 33,000 public agencies are now subject to participate in the green procurement systems. Since July 2005 Link
37 Sistema Integrado de Licenciamento do Ambiente / Integrated System Licensing of the Environment Portugal APA Platform of communication with clients and partners in several environmental frameworks, through an internet portal with restricted access. The system aims to integrate information in a standardized manner, providing a range of services to its users. The system aims to minimize the number of requests for information, allowing submitting environmental information which is required by law, as an integrated system it allows the cross-over of information and simplifies reporting. The SILiAMB was aligned with the requirements of the government Simplex programme and to help meet reporting obligations under the EU Regulation on waste statistics (2150/2002/EC) and the EU Waste Directive, being in course the extension for obligations of environmental reporting from industrial facilities (including IPPC). since 2006

Link

38 e-platforms : electronic public procurement platforms Portugal The electronic platform consists of a set of tools, services and applications necessary to operate the training procedures of public procurement. It is electronic media open, transparent and non-discriminatory, aimed dematerialization, under the Public Contract Code. Since 2010

Link

39 Circular Economy Promotion Law China Chinese Government The Law is formulated for the purpose of facilitating circular economy, raising resources utilization rate, protecting and improving environment and realizing sustained development.The Circular Economy is the general term for the activities of decrement, recycling and resource recovery in production, circulation and consumption:Decrement herein means the reduction of the resource consumption and waste generation in production, circulation and consumption;Recycling herein means the direct use of wastes as products, or the use of wastes as Resource recovery herein means the direct use of wastes as raw material, or waste regeneration. January 2009 Link
40 Amendment added to Waste Disposal Act (1973) addressing PET Taiwan Taiwan’s Environmental Protection Administration (TEPA) The TEPA listed PET bottles at the top of 15 items for mandatory recycling under the Waste Disposal Act of 1988. 1988 Link
41 The Green Growth Agreement as update of the Nitrates directive implementation Danmark Danish Government The Danish government signed, in 2009, a Green Growth Agreement that aims ensure the best conditions for nature and environment allowing the development of agriculture: - Since 1985 Link1 Link2
42 Producer responsibility Sweden Swedish EPA A regulatory instrument requiring producers to collect and recycle their product when they are discarded as waste. The objective is to reduce the volume of waste, increase recycling, and encourage environmentally sustainable product development. It is for achieving the national environmental objectives and for encouraging producers to develop resource-saving products, which are easier to recycle and free from environmentally hazardous substances. First designed to reduce the amount of packaging waste but has been widen to cover newsprint, vehicles/ELV, tires, light bulbs and certain light fittings, and electrical waste. It implies that producers should collect, remove and recover waste from consumers. The ordinance regulates to what extent waste should be collected and for what purpose the collected waste should be used (i.e., recycled and/or energy recovered). 1993 Link
43 Prohibitions on the landfilling of combustible and organic wastes Sweden Swedish EPA The landfilling of combustible wastes has been prohibited since 2002, and in 2005 the ban was extended to organic wastes. The intention of the law is to encourage conservation of resources and reduce environmental impacts. Exemptions may be granted for one year at a time by the county administrative boards. Compliance with the landfilling bans is monitored annually by the Swedish EPA. 2002 Combustible, 2005 Organic wastes Link
44 Municipal waste planning Sweden All municipalities, Swedish EPA Since 1991, each municipality must have a waste plan, which must cover all types of waste found in the municipal area and identify the actions necessary for their appropriate environmental management and their management as resources. Waste planning has brought about improvements in management by encouraging the establishment of extensive systems for source separation and recycling. 1991 Link
45 The Swedish Tool for Ecologically Sustainable Procurement Sweden Swedish Environmental Management Council (SEMCO) The EKU tool provides public and private purchasers with sets of environmental criteria for 20 product groups, from batteries to medical devices. The criteria are constantly tracked and reviewed whenever necessary, for example to adjust to a change in legislation. 1998 (no link)
46 Clever Partying (G'scheit Feiern) Austria Provincial Government of Styria G'scheit Feiern is an initiative led by the regional government of Styria. Its main focus lies on the reduction of the environmental impact of festive activities such as major public events. A range of criteria have to be met in order to be considered a "G'scheit Feiern"-Event. Since 2001

Link

47 CVD Finland Lahti Science and Business Park Ltd Cleantech Venture Day is the place to meet the Scandinavian cleantech deal flow and venture capital community Since 2005 yearly Link
48 Voluntary Agreements on producer responsibility Portugal Portuguese Government. Managed by APA & sectorial representatives.  The producer responsibility for the management of waste from their products can be assumed by Voluntary Agreements between the producer and the APA (National Waste Authority). These agreements characterize themselves by the will of the productive sectors to voluntarily commit themselves to the state to reduce the production of waste from their products, increasing recycling levels, ensuring the efficient use of resources and increasing the quality of recycled materials so as promoting the image of the industry involved in them, as well as consumer awareness. The APED, Portuguese Association of Distribution Enterprises, has contributed to the waste prevention, through agreements with other relevant sectorial representatives, with technical committees constituted to develop Codes of Practice. Since 2011 Link1 Link2 Link3 Link4
49 GPP Online toolkit European Union European Commission, DG Environment Provide the user with valuable information and that can be used to prepare, assist and implement the GPPP policy. 2008 Link
50 Ecological Project for Integrated environmental Technology) Austria Dept. Of Environmental Protection Graz / BIT G.m.b.H The goal of the programme is to motivate enterprises and municipalities alike to incorporate cleaner production practices and policies in their everyday business. ÖKOPROFIT is a certification scheme in which selected employees of companies and municipalities are first given education on environmental topics, including but not limited to Waste & Recycling. After training workshops, environmental strategies are implemented in the employee's organisations. Peer Review and "learning from the best" approaches are responsible for the success of this Programme. A monitoring is implemented and the organisations are then certified. Since 1991 Link
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